Istanbul, 2014

IGF 2014 Pre-Event: Governance in a Mobile Social Web – Finding the Markers

Workshop Details
Session Report

Organiser(s): jointly organised by five European and international European-Commission funded networks, in collaboration with a youth organisation, industry and a Turkish Government authority

Chair: Youth representing the Insafe network;

Assistant chair: Janice Richardson, Senior Advisor at Brussels-based European Schoolnet

Russell Chadwick, Coordinator of INHOPE hotline association based in the Netherlands;
John Carr, representing eNACSO network based in Italy
Yannis Li , representing youth from
Simon Milner, EU Policy, Facebook
Lilian Nalwoga, Uganda ISOC
Representative of Turkish Ministry of Education

Respondent: Sonia Livingstone, Researcher at London School of Economics, UK

Session description:
In today’s society, children move seemingly seamlessly in and out of the rapidly evolving online social web, almost as soon as they are able to walk and talk. Wearable technology is fast coming into vogue and technology in our homes may well soon monitor our daily activities. As a USA Supreme Court judge recently ruled in a landmark decision on cyber-rights, our mobile phone has become “the sum of an individual’s private life” . In parallel with these developments, discussions on the online well-being of children on the internet have moved from their protection against harmful content and contacts to protection of their fundamental rights and responsibilities. The pendulum has now swung from safety to citizenship. What skills do children and young people need to develop if they are to cope with the challenges of a connected society, what is the role of the public, private and civil sectors, and of families and schools, in building these skills? How do we share the responsibility and what role does internet governance play?

The session will begin with each of 6 panellists setting out their priorities in a 5-minute plenary presentation to show the direction in which they would like their group to work. Participants will then choose a group to which they will actively contribute. The aim is to define and prioritise key aspects, roles and strategies in an interactive logical framework maitrix. A final plenary summary will enable participants to vote electronically on their priorities. Remote participants will be encouraged to contribute actively throughout the whole session.

Refreshment will be served after the workshop as a means of encouraging ongoing discussion and networking.

  • Subject matter expected to be discussed.
    – Issues raised by very young children going online
    – The increasing amount of cyberhate – is it an issue?
    – The reframing of the risks/opportunities agenda in terms of children’s rights
    – The challenge of new/smart/personal devices

WS1: Protecting Child Safety AND Child Rights
Session Information

Organiser(s): Dr. Larry Magi,  Co-director,

Harriet Kempson, Youth participant, Childnet International
Eleanor Lee. Youth participant, Childnet International
Janice Richardson, InSafe (and European Commissioner) — Brussels (NGO)
Heba Ramzy, Private sector. Microsoft’s Istanbul office
John Carr — Children’s Charity — London (NGO)
Nevine Tewfik — Ministry of Information — Egypt (Government)

Moderator: Larry Magid,

Remote Moderator: Jim Prendergast

Session description:
This a follow up to session 202 from 2013 where we explored the conflict between child protection and child rights. Now it’s time to move on to show how both rights and safety can be protected. It is relevant to Internet governance because children are stakeholders who are often left out of discussions.

The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child requires that children “shall have the right to freedom of expression; this right shall include freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds.” Yet, it is generally agreed that some information, such as pornography, can be harmful to some children. But some efforts to protect children may go too far, such as blocking access to social media as is the case in many schools and some entire countries. This workshop will explore how governments, schools, NGOs and companies can find way to protect children from harm while also protecting their civil rights and right of free expression.

Dynamic Coalition on Child Online Safety: ‘Disrupting and reducing the availability of child sex abuse materials on the Internet – How can technology help?’

Session Information

Marco Pancini, Google, Brussels
Stuart Aston, Microsoft, Seattle
John Carr, ECPAT International, Bangkok
Michael Moran, Interpol, Lyon
Preetam Maloor, ITU
Amy Crocker, INHOPE Foundation

Moderator: Marie-Laure Lemineur, ECPAT International

Remote Moderator: Jim Prendergast

Session description:

Today, there seems to be more child abuse materials being circulated online than ever before. Whatever we have been doing up to now  to get these images (stills, videos and live streaming)  off the internet has not been working well enough. Emerging forms of abuse  involve one-time live streaming transmission of sexual abuse of children. Peer2Peer environments have superseded the web and other online environments as the major source of child abuse materials and the emergence of anonymous or hard to trace forms of electronic payment such as virtual currencies, appear to be online a new growth in commercial traffic in child abuse material.

Although there is clearly an important agenda which seeks to address the underlying causes of the child abuse depicted in all kinds of images, as well as a need to improve the speed with which law enforcement can identify victims in real life, rescue them, then pass them on to appropriate care or help agencies to aid their recovery, another key part of the challenge involves seeking to disrupt and reduce the traffic in child abuse images to the largest extent possible.

Given the volumes involved it is self-evident that technical solutions will play an increasingly important part in this struggle. Microsoft has produced PhotoDNA to deal with still images. Google is working on a similar product for videos. Other companies are working on or have developed similar or complementary measures. Google and Microsoft have both taken steps to reduce the potential for their search engines to be abused by those with sexual  interests in children. “Splash pages” are now being deployed to discourage certain types of users from using search engines to locate child abuse materials.

This meeting of the Dynamic Coalition will look critically at the array of technical tools now being used in the fight against online child abuse material. How well are the tools working and, crucially, how widely are they being deployed? What more can be done to encourage wider take up? Is the Financial Services industry doing enough to interdict the abuse of their systems in relation to commercial exchanges?

WS56: Researching children’s rights in a global, digital age

Session Information

Organiser(s): Professor Sonia Livingstone, London School of Economics and EU Kids Online,

Sonia Livingstone, LSE and EU Kids Online (technical community/civil society), UK
Kürşat Çağıltay, EU Kids Online and academic (technical community/civil society), Turkey
Patrick Burton, Executive Director, Centre for Justice and Crime Prevention, South Africa, “Facilitating children’s voices in the development of policy relating to online safety and rights”
Jasmina Byrne, UNICEF Office of Research (intergovernmental organization with a global mandate)
Nevine Tewfik, Egypt, governmental research user/regulator (government)
Ankhi Das, Facebook, India
Fabio Senne,, Brazil
Bu Wei, professor and activist (technical community/civil society, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, China
Gitte Stald, Professor, ITU University, Denmark, will act as the Remote Moderator
Youth participants (to be invited, from the IGF list of attendees)

Moderator: Sonia Livingstone, LSE and EU Kids Online, UK

Remote Moderator: Gitte Stald, Professor, ITU University, Copenhagen, Denmark

Session description:
Policy makers rely on high quality research to underpin evidence-based governance decisions. Although many researchers and research users attend the IGF each year, research is rarely a focus of IGF activities. Thus the research agenda, key concepts, robust yet practical methods, and challenges of evaluation and application are yet to be discussed in this crucial international forum. An ever-growing diversity of evidence on children’s rights in a global digital age exists and more is needed, making this a timely moment for stakeholders to debate the design, conduct and uses of research.

The round table will ask, primarily, what are the research priorities and key research questions regarding children’s rights in a global, digital age? What is good research practice in a complex domain where the internet is fast-changing and children’s particular needs and perspectives vary hugely by culture and context? Can the methods for conducting and evaluating research that have been established in the global North be extended to the global South, now that children are going online across the globe, or do new considerations apply? To what extent can the evidence usefully guide governance decisions, whether internationally, regionally or nationally? How to strengthen and promote dialogue between researchers and policy makers at all levels? Secondarily, it will ask, how can the research community achieve greater clarity and visibility regarding research priorities, good practice research methods and reliable statistics about children and digital media on a cross-national basis? How might we collaborate through research and stakeholder networks to sustain knowledge sharing?

The session brings together researchers and research users from different stakeholder groups ((academia, industry, regulator, UN organisation, NGO, activist) and from diverse continents around the world to identify the priority research questions, reputable research methods, and key research challenges to be faced when generating a truly global evidence base to underpin internet governance that advances children’s rights in a digital age.

Best Practice Forum – Online child protection

Session Information

Whether it be schoolwork and research, or games, socializing, and inter-continental communication, young people today are constantly connected. Indeed, kids of the 2000s are literally “growing up online.” And, while technology, mobile devices, and the Internet offer a vast array of benefits, like everything in life, the online world involves some risk. The Child Online Protection Best Practices Forum will define and frame the most pressing online safety and related issues facing young people today. It will compare and contrast risks and opportunities based on geography, culture, age, family values, and children’s individual maturity levels to name a few. Representatives from the global child protection community, law enforcement, government, civil society, and the private sector will share their views, as we all seek to make the online world a place where children can grow and thrive more safely in our 21st century world.

WS173: Youth involvement in Internet Governance

Session Information

Nadine Karbach & Lorena Jaume-Palasi, Youth IGF Germany, Civil Society
David NG & Yannis LI, Netmission.Asia, Civil Society
Martin Fischer & Anya Orlova, Network of European Digital Youth, Civil Society & Academia

Md. Nazrul Islam Khan, Secretary, ICT Division, Government of Bangladesh, Government
Chaturvedi, Subi, The Multistakeholder Advisory Group, IGF
Nora Abusitta, VP Development and Public Responsibility Programs of ICANN (Remote)
Julia Reda, Member of European Parliament, Government
Agnes Fong & Enoch Cheng, NetY Amabassadors, Civil Society
Vincent Ho, NetMission Amabassadors, Civil Society
Silke Sorensen, Save the Children Denmark, Civil Society
Nina Devani & Grace Kelly, Insafe network, Civil society
Lorena Jaume-Palasi, German Youth IGF, Civil society
Deniz D. Aydin, Access, Civil society
Farzaneh Badii, Academia & Persian Youth IGF, Civil society

Moderator: Bianca HO, Netmission.Asia, Civil Society

Remote Moderator: David NG, Netmission.Asia, Civil Society

Session description:
Workshop Background
With the collective effort of Youth Coalition of Internet Governance (YCIG), came up with this workshop on discussing youth involvement in Internet Governance. Back to 2012, Workshop 119 was hosted on Defining Successful Factors of Different Models for Youth Participation in Internet Governance. The workshop focused on effectiveness of format to successfully engage youth in the Internet. As civil society already devoted a lot of effort in terms of capacity building, the focus of this workshop is on how to bridge the gap to engage youth in real policy discussion.

Workshop Format
The format of discussion is including the policy makers (including Government representatives, representatives from Internet regulatory bodies including IGF, ICANN etc.,) to speak about how they engage youth on the Internet policy discussion. We also have youth to comment on how to move forward. It is followed by open discussion, which maps the gap and finds measures to fill the gaps.